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Sentinel Species of Marine Ecosystems  

Maria Cristina Fossi and Cristina Panti

A vigorous effort to identify and study sentinel species of marine ecosystem in the world’s oceans has developed over the past 50 years. The One Health concept recognizes that the health ... More

Social and Environmental Implications of Plantation Agriculture in Malaysia and Indonesia  

Jean-François Bissonnette and Rodolphe De Koninck

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Plantation farming emerged as a large-scale system of specialized agriculture in the tropics under European colonialism, in opposition to smallholding subsistence agriculture. Despite ... More

Soil Quality as Affected by Intensive Versus Conservative Agricultural Managements  

Luigi Badalucco

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Soils, the earth’s skin, are at the intersection of the lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere. The persistence of life on our planet depends on the maintenance of soils as ... More

Soil Sediment Loading and Related Environmental Impacts from Farms  

Vito Ferro

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Beyond damage to rainfed agricultural and forestry ecosystems, soil erosion due to water affects surrounding environments. Large amounts of eroded soil are deposited in streams, lakes, and ... More

Soils, Science, Society, and the Environment  

Colin Robins

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Soils are the complex, dynamic, spatially diverse, living, and environmentally sensitive foundations of terrestrial ecosystems as well as human civilizations. The modern, environmental ... More

Subsurface Flow of Water in Soils and Geological Formations  

Gerrit de Rooij

Online publication date:
Jun 2016
Henry Darcy was an engineer who built the drinking water supply system of the French city of Dijon in the mid-19th century. In doing so, he developed an interest in the flow of water ... More

Subsurface (Tile) Agricultural Drainage  

Gary Sands, Srinivasulu Ale, Laura Christianson, and Nathan Utt

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Agricultural (tile) drainage enables agricultural production on millions of hectares of arable lands worldwide. Lands where drainage or irrigation (and sometimes both) are implemented, ... More

Surface Irrigation  

Luis Santos Pereira

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Sustainable Coffee Production  

Sarada Krishnan

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Coffee is an extremely important agricultural commodity, produced in about 80 tropical countries, with an estimated 125 million people depending on it for their livelihoods in Latin ... More

Temperate Forest Economics  

Roger Sedjo

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
The world’s forest cover is approximately 4 billion hectares (10 billion acres). Of this total, approximately one-half is temperate forests. These range from the subtropics to roughly 65 ... More

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