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Subsurface Flow of Water in Soils and Geological Formations  

Gerrit de Rooij

Online publication date:
Jun 2016
Henry Darcy was an engineer who built the drinking water supply system of the French city of Dijon in the mid-19th century. In doing so, he developed an interest in the flow of water ... More

Subsurface (Tile) Agricultural Drainage  

Gary Sands, Srinivasulu Ale, Laura Christianson, and Nathan Utt

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Agricultural (tile) drainage enables agricultural production on millions of hectares of arable lands worldwide. Lands where drainage or irrigation (and sometimes both) are implemented, ... More

Surface Irrigation  

Luis Santos Pereira

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Sustainable Coffee Production  

Sarada Krishnan

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Coffee is an extremely important agricultural commodity, produced in about 80 tropical countries, with an estimated 125 million people depending on it for their livelihoods in Latin ... More

Temperate Forest Economics  

Roger Sedjo

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
The world’s forest cover is approximately 4 billion hectares (10 billion acres). Of this total, approximately one-half is temperate forests. These range from the subtropics to roughly 65 ... More

The Agriculture of Early India  

Charlene Murphy and Dorian Q. Fuller

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Urban Landscapes and Green Infrastructure  

Stephan Pauleit, Rieke Hansen, Emily Lorance Rall, Teresa Zölch, Erik Andersson, Ana Catarina Luz, Luca Szaraz, Ivan Tosics, and Kati Vierikko

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Urban green infrastructure (GI) has been promoted as an approach to respond to major urban environmental and social challenges such as reducing the ecological footprint, improving human ... More

Valuation of Mangrove Restoration  

Edward B. Barbier

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Since the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, there has been strong interest globally in restoring mangrove ecosystems and their potential benefits from protecting coastlines and people from ... More

Valuation of Marine Ecosystems  

Achilleas Vassilopoulos and Phoebe Koundouri

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Water accounts for more than 70% of Earth’s surface, making marine ecosystems the largest and most important ecosystems of the planet. However, the fact that a large part of these ... More

Vermiculture, Hydroponics, and Related Forms of Sustainable Agriculture  

Norman Arancon

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

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