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Addressing Climate Change Through Education  

Tamara Shapiro Ledley, Juliette Rooney-Varga, and Frank Niepold

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
The scientific community has made the urgent need to mitigate climate change clear and, with the ratification of the Paris Agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on ... More

Agricultural Dispersals in Mediterranean and Temperate Europe  

Aurélie Salavert

Along with ceramics production, sedentism, and herding, agriculture is a major component of the Neolithic as it is defined in Europe. Therefore, the agricultural system of the first ... More

Agricultural Subsidies and the Environment  

Heather Williams

Worldwide, governments subsidize agriculture at the rate of approximately 1 billion dollars per day. This figure rises to about twice that when export and biofuels production subsidies and ... More

Consequences of Agriculture in Mesopotamia, Anatolia, and the Levant  

John M. Marston

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
The ancient Near East was one of the earliest centers of agriculture in the world, giving rise to domesticated herd animals, cereals, and legumes that today have become primary ... More

Air Pollution and Weather Interaction in East Asia  

Aijun Ding, Xin Huang, and Congbin Fu

Air pollution is one of the grand environmental challenges in developing countries, especially those with high population density like China. High concentrations of primary and secondary ... More

The Anthropocene  

Jan Zalasiewicz and Colin Waters

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The Anthropocene hypothesis—that humans have impacted “the environment” but also changed the Earth’s geology—has spread widely through the sciences and humanities. This hypothesis is being ... More

Asset Based Approaches for Community Engagement  

Katrina Wyatt, Robin Durie, and Felicity Thomas

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Atmospheric Brown Clouds  

Sumit Sharma, Liliana Nunez, and Veerabhadran Ramanathan

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Atmospheric brown clouds (ABCs) are widespread pollution clouds that can at times span an entire continent or an ocean basin. ABCs extend vertically from the ground upward to as high as 3 ... More

Benefits Transfer for Ecosystem Services  

Kevin Boyle and Christopher Parmeter

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Big Data in Environment and Human Health  

Lora Fleming, Anthony Kessel, Virginia Murray, Michael Depledge, Sabina Leonelli, Niccolò Tempini, Harriet Gordon-Brown, Gordon Nichols, Christophe Sarran, Paolo Vineis, Giovanni Leonardi, Brian Golding, and Andy Haines

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Big data refers to large, complex, potentially linkable data from diverse sources, ranging from the genome and social media, to individual health information and the ... More

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